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二、多项选择题(共10道试题,共30分。)
1.四川电大答案请咨询QQ515224986

慢性失眠症的治疗包括()
A.强调定时作息、规律生活B.睡前避免兴奋和紧张的脑力及体力活动C.心理治疗的放松治疗可减轻对睡眠的焦虑
D.避免饮用浓茶、咖啡等易引起兴奋的物质E.合理使用镇静安眠药物
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
满分:3分
2.
致精神障碍的心理社会因素包括()
A.恋爱婚姻问题B.家庭内部问题C.地震D.种族歧视E.经前期紧张
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
满分:3分
3.
木僵状态可发生于()
A.脑器质性精神病B.精神分裂症
C.心因性精神障碍D.抑郁病E.神经症
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
满分:3分
4.
属于神经性厌食特点的是()
A.常具有认为自己过胖的体像障碍B.低血糖、高蛋白血症
C.女性病人常有月经紊乱D.发病常与心理因素有关
E.多数病人有抑郁和焦虑情绪
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
满分:3分
5.
慢性精神障碍护理指
A提高病人服从治疗的依从性B.帮助病人建立自理模式
C.训练病人自理能力D.社区护士定期家庭访视E.建议住专科医院治疗
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
满分:3分
6.
精神分裂症的特征性思维障碍有
A.思维松弛B.思维鸣响C.思维迟缓D.思维破裂E.被洞悉感
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
满分:3分
7.增进心理健康的途径包括
A社区资源的开发
B信息网络的建立
C实现医学模式
D广泛开展心理健康教育
E创造良好的外部环境
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
满分:3分
8.
下列哪些属于抗精神病药物引起的锥体外系不良反应
A.斜颈B.不能静卧C.大汗D.持续高热E不自主的震颤
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
满分:3分
9.
精神分裂症的特征性症状是
A.思维破裂B.内心被揭露感C语词新作D.被害妄想E.缺自知力
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
满分:3分
10.
精神分裂症青春型的主要临床特点为
A.青少年发病B.常有幻觉、妄想C.起病较急D.多有思维形式障碍E.行为幼稚、愚蠢
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
满分:3分
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&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quot681b54a7a4274d95887e503694c371d5&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205214&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quot29676fe905954cce9bfb7928aa86bb22&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205214&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quot259a2b57543f433ba7c58c3b2b74e1d8&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205214&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quot4e847bbc34154bd69ee7f094d0906d3e&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205214&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quot6c07eb0bb1244aab869706a36d1cfb83&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205215&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quot6a6971c58e76498995089dff0596a282&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205215&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quot1f4e649876234b8c90a5b2de416c6d6b&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205216&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quote3bb62aa88764d30a60887f878406db4&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205216&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quot44d41445d1384377a3864fc6a244fb55&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205216&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quotfa8645165ae54770ad620d49d3f31ea6&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205217&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quotd0022da4114b4d49a3a6f013c3c1d350&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205217&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quot8fd6234a5ce543399373b1c8a1f1a1cd&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205217&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quotc29e0debe29d426eb121b3f81e4507b0&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205218&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quot00edfb192d9143f7b202cb1330de7478&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205218&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quot58c1818ffec34b03bb93cb4964d5a802&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205219&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quot888f72d2c9e24e05a90acbb61eea8e2b&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205219&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quot7bf24a3286f549ed8554de9910d23947&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205219&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quotec8dc4c30b2e44adb15b57aa6f3031b9&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205220&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quotedb084a89f184f8abb5ac6a5dcaf79d3&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205220&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quotbe54435dd2374c01a27d09432be9e298&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205220&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quotd0ed820ae3cc4476a9077f4c9b8ae7f1&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205220&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quotd607fd12e3144d50b1357f77e463e75e&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205221&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quotf093f42380b54b94b408921e12c5bb68&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205221&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quotcf344c37d6804defa61c0d836c589977&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205221&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quota7f6f279f17c47d592594e75a9175436&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205221&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quot414189f5b09944858752ac6dec2a8e2e&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205222&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quotc08395c59e074a7fadbfc12532b8b678&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205222&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quot92f1eb8d1b384edcbcc6d9a4d5535c68&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205222&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quotf22c7bc866d04ffab6aadd8ab888d9ca&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205222&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quot5c62c1fa084945b282b898d86df68169&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205223&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quotb8f64b1271434929913f9f7a6bb6a45e&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205223&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quotb5c816dc23614aad8ccd8a3f0403b47b&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205223&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quota9b5ae7807e04ec7a28ebba06387d194&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205223&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quot3ff0c9a7d9214dae9e88bc46dc38e531&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205224&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&ltitemResultidentifier=&quot51710d20b15c40978ce8bd78d1a88ab5&quotdatestamp=&quot2017118205224&quot&gt&ltitemSessionnumAttempts=&quot1&quotsessionStatus=&quotpendingSubmission&quotcompletionStatus=&quotunknown&quot&gt&ltstate&gt&lt/state&gt&ltoutcomeVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt0&lt/value&gt&lt/outcomeVariable&gt&ltresponseVariableidentifier=&quotResponse&quot&gt&ltvalue&gt&lt/value&gt&lt/responseVariable&gt&lt/itemSession&gt&lt/itemResult&gt&lt/assessmentResult&gt
精神卫生护理试题三
试卷总分:100测试时间:
单项选择题多项选择题
一、单项选择题(共35道试题,共70分。)
1.病人总是严肃认真、固执、猜疑,属于下列哪种人格障碍?
A.偏执性人格障碍B.反社会性人格障碍C.边缘型人格障碍D.冲动性人格障碍
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
2.
评估时,最基本、最重要的方法是
A.阅读有关资料B.实验检查C.观察D.交谈
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
3.当病人入住病房时,不适宜的护理行为是
A.满足病人的基本需要
B.尊重病人的个人空间
C.保证病人的安全
D.抵触病人功能失常的应对行为
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
4.三级预防的护理目标是
A.预防精神障碍的发生B.预防心理障碍的发生
C.帮助病人最大限度地恢复社会功能D.早期发现精神疾病病人
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
5.抗精神病药物治疗精神分裂症的用药原则是什么?
A.开始剂量要大,症状缓解后即停药
B.长时间使用小剂量
C.小剂量开始,逐渐增至治疗量,病情缓解后,继续使用维持量
D.按需要不定期进行剂量调整
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
6.一高中学生,近1年多来对家人亲友变的冷淡,不上学,不洗澡,不主动更换衣服,对于自己有关的事情表现得无动于衷。这些表现属于哪种精神症状?
A.情感低落B.情感淡漠C.情感倒错D.意志缺乏
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
7.与患有创伤后应激障碍的病人谈论创伤时采取下列哪种方式最为合适?
A.通过另一个当事人来证实病人所说的话
B.要求病人记下他所说的话
C.专心聆听
D.分散病人的注意力,以减轻病的痛苦
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
8.病人表现不言、不动、不进食,面部表情固定,大、小便潴留,对外界刺激缺乏反应,肢体随意摆动成特殊姿势。符合下列哪种症状?
A.情感低落B.情感淡漠C.木僵D.昏迷
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
9.对于焦虑症病人的最终护理目标是
A.将病人的焦虑降低到可接受的水平
B.帮助病人降低对于感情的否定和回避
C.帮助病人解决问题并形成适应性的应对行为
D.当病人回避痛苦问题时,运用支持性面对
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
10.下列哪项护理措施可以帮助记忆缺失的病人熟悉环境?
A.指导病人由简入繁逐渐完成各项活动
B.给病人提供各种基础护理减少挫折感
C.谈论新的话题引起病人注意以此刺激病人的智能
D.给病人讲笑话增强病人的幽默感
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
11.法国医生菲力普·比奈尔对精神护理的贡献是
A.将精神疾病分类
B.主张用人道主义的态度对待精神病患者
C.提出了对精神病患者的服务项目
D.出版了《精神病护理》一书
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
12.
下列哪项护理措施是错误的?
A.发药时护士不能离开药车
B.发药时应查对病人面貌
C.确定病人吞服药后方可离开
D.对不愿服药的病人护士应采取强制措施
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
13.
精神科临床工作的基础是
A.心理护理B.给药护理C.健康教育D.生活护理
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
14.某抑郁症病人对护士说:“我害怕,我不能活下去。“护士回答下列哪一句话最合适?
A.“你的看法我不能理解”
B.“你的家人都很关心你,你不用害怕”
C.“是什么事使你认为你不配活下去?”
D.“你再这样说下去,我就不跟你说话了”
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
15.王女士在经历了一次意外事故后处于严重的焦虑状态,被送入医院病房。在这个时候最重要的护理措施是
A.护士应和病人在一起
B.将病人安置在安静的房间
C.教病人进行放松的技巧
D.告诉病人一切都会好的
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
16.“冰毒”是指
A.杜冷丁
B.地西泮
C.甲基苯丙胺
D.麦角酸二乙酰胺
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
17.一位在家服氯氮平治疗的病人,告诉护士他已经有5天感到很疲倦了,护士在检查该病人时发现:体温38.6℃;脉搏:110次/分;呼吸:20次/分,对这位病人下列哪项处理最恰当?
A.与牛奶一起服药B.立即停药并去看内科医生
C.只要休息,这些症状会消失D.逐渐减药,下周去看医生
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
18.对于患有躯体形式障碍的病人,躯体症状的作用是
A.病人以妄想思维应对焦虑
B.为病人提供回避自身责任的机会
C.预防或缓解焦虑
D.使病人回避家庭冲突
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
19.护士把一物体放在阿尔茨海默病病人手里并让其说出物体的名字具有下列哪种症状的病人不能说出物体的名字?
A.失语症
B.失用症
C.失认症
D.记忆丧失
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
20.首次对精神病患者的病因、诊断和治疗进行了大量的分析,并对精神疾病进行分类研究,从而被称为是现代精神病学之父的人士是
A.克雷丕林B.弗洛伊德C.韦耶D.琳达·理查兹
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
21.器质性精神障碍是指
A.由于脑部病理或病理生理学改变所致的一类精神障碍
B.由于脑以外的躯体疾病引起脑功能紊乱而产生的精神障碍
C.与脑部疾病或躯体疾病同时存在的精神障碍
D.由脑部疾病或躯体疾病导致的精神障碍
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
22.患者,胡某,男,24岁,因急性精神病性反应收入院。病人否认自己有病,不安心住院,要求回家,检查该病人时,护士发现病人对问话答非所问,行为冲动。下面哪项治疗方法对该病人最恰当?
A.心理咨询以提高行为的自知力
B.生物反馈治疗以减少精神分裂症思维联想障碍
C.药物治疗以减少急性精神分裂症的思维联想障碍
D.电休克疗法治疗精神病性情绪障碍
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
23.下列哪项不属于所有人格障碍病人的共同特征?
A.总是触犯法律,缺乏良心
B.工作和爱情方面无能
C.对压力不能适应和调节,容易引起争吵
D.能在感情方面攫住他人,但不持久
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
24.准备接受电痉挛治疗的病人问护士:“这种治疗会让我很痛苦吗?”,护士最佳的回答是
A.“在治疗过程中,你有麻醉误吸的危险”
B.“严重抑郁者通常对电痉挛治疗没有反应”
C.“电痉挛治疗能使你意识错乱,从而将使你忘记你为什么抑郁”
D.“整个治疗过程中你处于睡眠状态,没有疼痛的感觉”
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
25.老年病人远记忆受损,智能活动全面减退,难于胜任简单家务劳动,不能正确回答自己和亲人的名字和年龄,饮食不知饥饱,外出找不到家门,举动幼稚,不知羞耻,最可能为
A.老年痴呆早期
B.老年痴呆中期
C.老年痴呆晚期
D.老年抑郁症
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
26.与抑郁症相比,抑郁性神经症以下列哪种现象为特点?
A.常有想死的念头,但内心矛盾重重
B.情绪低落
C.睡眠障碍
D.从不出现躁狂
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
27.为了帮助患有体化症的病人提高自尊,适宜的护理措施为
A.将病人作为一个正常人来关注,而不只是关注其症状
B.鼓励病人使用回避人际关系的方式
C.树立远大目标以使病人能够观察到正向获得
D.讨论病人的童年情况,将现在的行为与过去的创伤相联系
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
28.下列说法哪项是错误的?
A.间接观察法是指从病人的日记、书法和绘画中了解病人的思想状况的方法
B.住院病人健康教育的内容应简短、实用
C.病人入院时应检查是否带有危险物品
D.为了防止病人外逃,每天在交接班时一定要清点人数
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
29.
对仪式性洗手的病人所制定的护理目标是能运用更有效的应对技巧,护士应采取的措施是
A.允许病人设定自己的洗手时间
B.鼓励病人参与病房活动
C.鼓励病人在小组中讨论洗手问题
D.关注病人的症状而不注重病人
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
30.
下列哪种睡眠障碍最常见?
A.失眠症B.嗜睡症C.睡行症D.睡眠觉醒节律障碍
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
31.抗精神病药物阻断胆碱能受体后,不产生的不良反应是哪一项?
A.记忆障碍B.锥体外系副作用C.排尿困难、视物模糊D.便秘、麻痹性肠梗阻
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
32.关于幻觉的定义为
A.对客观事物的错误感受
B.对客观事物的胡思乱想
C.缺乏相应的客观刺激时的感知体验
D.客观刺激作用与感觉器官的感知体验
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
33.对护理诊断为“自我形象紊乱”的神经性厌食病人制定的短期目标是
A.病人承认自己不成熟的举止B.病人认识到自己的想法是错误的
C.病人的体重明显增加D.病人接受护理人员指导,能合理膳食
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
34.被诊断患有创伤后应激障碍的病人的家属无法理解为何病人患有此类障碍,尤其是因为病人并没有直接经历过这种创伤。基于这种情况,护理人员应和病人家属讨论下列哪类话题?
A.识别病人出现症状的时期
B.询问病人家属他们认为病人的问题在哪
C.解释他人的经历对自己会产生什么样的作用
D.向其家属了解病人的人格特征
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分
35.
病人反复出现一些想法,明知不必要或不合理,但无法控制。这是
A.强迫性思维B.思维奔逸C.联想散漫D.强制性思维
A.
B.
C.
D.
满分:2分

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